How to raise a bird
Growing ornamental birds and pet birds has been around for thousands of years. There are a variety of birds raised for pets: Songbirds (Canaries, finches), raptors (hawks), waterfowl (ducks), terrestrial birds (pigeons and pheasants) and more. But by far the majority of birds held as pets belong to the parrots.
The purpose of this information sheet is to give an overview of the growth parrots as pets. On the information will not be specified features and specific requirements of different kinds of parrots. It will also explore the hypoallergenic food, and it benefits to dogs and especially, birds.
Choosing the parrot
There are hundreds of kinds of parrots. Many differences: color, size, able to speak / imitation, captive culture capability, ease of growth, ease of connecting to people and more. There are parrots are “hand feeding” – friendly and sociable compared tower parrot “wild” who are not used to touch hands and may bite or panic when multiplying them.
In general, the tower begins recommended to select the small intestine easy to grow (eg parakeet or cocktail) and then turn increase larger parrots (such as Jacquot, USA or cockatoo).
The bird – cage
Mandatory minimum size is made possible bird cage full deployment of contactless wings at the ends of the cage. Although it is recommended to put the bird in a cage the size of the maximum possible – no cage too big.
The cage to be strong enough stuff the bird, with a pool, you can not damage it, do not contain toxic substances, be sure the bird and easy cleaning.
The cage to be positioned close to the center of activity in order to break the routine, boring at times, of the bird.
Perches: Presumably cage perches, preferably made of natural non-toxic that can be easily replaced. Ltocim- enough to place one stick because they tend to sit on the highest cane. In any case make sure the position of the stick will not allow contamination food and water dishes provisions for the birds – not position it over the dishes.
Food and water dishes: Dinnerware broad and deep encourage eating. Healthy bird can reach food and water dishes without a problem and there is no need to put them near the middle sticks.
Hygiene: daily cleaning of the floor of the cage provisions, food and water dishes prevent many health problems. Recommended weekly thorough cleaning of each cage. White paper, paper towel or any other paper recommended replacement easy ground cover replaced daily. This allows close monitoring of bird secretions and early detection of health problems.
Toys: Different toys give interest and exercise. Select toys carefully and in accordance with the bird. Make sure the toy is not likely to cause harm in terms of injury from sharp objects and in the kind of toys are made of. Lead weights, formed part of the toys, can be toxic.
– Temperature: ambient temperature is appropriate healthy bird room temperature, comfortable temperature owners. Extreme changes in temperature and wind gusts may be life-threatening bird sick. Bird’s temperature is too high you will see signs of breathing with his mouth open and wings layout for cooling.
– Humidity: ornamental birds usually have the ability to handle a wide range of humidity levels in the environment, although the birds will benefit more from tropical moist environment using large bowls with water that will be used in the bath or by spraying the bird’s daily water spray. It is very important to keep the bird warm environment dead as long feathers are dry.
– Light and fresh air: open air access and direct sunlight are important for a healthy lifestyle of the bird. You can put the cage out but make sure that it is not exposed to direct wind and that there are shaded areas to protect from direct sunlight. If the bird is placed indoors to avoid its exposure to the various air pollutants such as insecticide spray, cigarette smoke and fumes frying (Eddie Teflon frying pans of highly toxic to birds!).
Nutrition is one of the most important factors in raising right of parrots.
The goal is to try to get the parrot’s natural feeding – a situation that is practically impossible.
There are parrots certain needs (such as porridge Llurim) but in general there is possible to vary the types of food sources into me. The parrot is a bird vegetarian and vegetarian sources should be the main food.
Types of food you can give into me:
Grain mixtures. The most common form of feed for domestic parrots but is not recommended for primary food of the parrot. Mixtures containing different types of grains such as millet, maize and sunflower seeds. The problem with these mixtures which often have nutritional deficiencies and often parrot chooses only a certain type of nuclei and therefore entering its poor.
Pellets. This is actually mixtures of crushed and compacted cores plus vitamins and minerals. The advantage of pellets over bird food mixtures is more varied food – it can not select a specific nuclei. The recommendation is the dumpling will form the bulk of the food of the parrot.
Beans soaking. Mixtures of legumes such as beans and lentils have soaked tax. Hours or even sprout on the tax. Days. Is a source of high quality protein and is a parrot adequate daily supplement pellets.
Fresh fruit. Should be given daily into me: apple, pear, banana, plum and more. Avoid avocado potentially toxic parrots.
Supplements of vitamins and minerals. Recommended especially parrots feed on seeds mixtures, which may be a nutritional deficiency.
You can give other foods such as parrots vegetables (red pepper), honey sticks, calcium stones, hard boiled egg once a week, rice, bread and Bamba,
Parrots do not feed meat, avocado, spicy foods, tomato, potato, chocolate and alcohol.
Any type of food where there is a question mark about the safety Vazna- no question – it is better not to try on your bird.
In any case you should consult an experienced veterinarian or tower for the appropriate feed a parrot.
Activities outside the cage
To ensure a healthy lifestyle bird cage and break the daily lives should allow her daily activities. Bored bird itself can cause serious damage. There are birds that can be released in a controlled manner for a short time. Before discharge is not guaranteed:
The doors and windows are closed (including curtains or blinds)
Kitchen pots covered
Closing toilet seat covers
Ceiling fans outages.
Public cease fire heating (gas ovens, spirals).
Parrot as a human disease
Parrot living in close proximity to people can cause medical problems in humans. By foreknowledge and correct treatment can reduce the risk significantly. Common problems:
Hclmidofilo disease (chlamydia). A bacterial disease that can cause pneumonia in people, especially people with immune problems. Veterinary examination can confirm a diagnosis of bacteria inside, following diagnosis is performed antibiotics in me. Daily cleaning of the provisions parrot cage can download the danger of catching people suspected parrots / carriers / sick / not tested
Salmonella. May cause diarrhea in people. More common in habitats and birds (chickens).
Allergies and respiratory problems. Some people are sensitive to dust the feathers of parrots. In such situations should be considered staying at the parrot.
Bites. Parrots, especially the large parrots may bite, causing serious damage, especially in young children. Care should be taken away from small children teething toy parrot.
Home inspection bird health
Healthy bird is a bird of joy: Make sure the bird alert every day, normal activities, eating as usual, clean and beautiful feathers, droppings standards and nostrils clean. Birds with leg ring has to make sure she was free to move the bird grows. Track your weight by weighing the bird its weekly tracking management can be a means for early detection of health problems.
Signs of illness parrots
Signs of illness parrots can be very varied though in many cases they have a bird in a quiet, low, curled herself, did not want to eat and feathers inflated. Other signs include:
Discharge from the eyes and nostrils.
Breathing or breathing noises with his mouth open.
Changes in the nature of feces: The amount of droppings, color and Hkonsistnzih (diarrhea).
Bumps and lumps are not used to.
Feather loss / alopecia.
Any change seems unusual may show on any disease.
Illnesses and conditions common parrots:
There is a very wide range of medical problems parrots. Factors and the most common problems (but not only) are:
Different viruses, such as the source and feather disease, disease Hpoliumh.
Bacteria such as Salmonella and Clmidiofilo (chlamydia).
Internal parasites such as worms and one-celled.
External parasites such as lice and mites.
Nutritional deficiencies such as vitamin A deficiency and calcium deficiency.
Traumas such as bites or breaks.
Fledged bleeding or broken fingernail
Plucking feathers on behavioral background.
Internal diseases such as kidney disease, liver disease.
Benign and malignant tumors.
Teflon poisoning such as poisoning or heavy metal poisoning.
With the purchase of the parrot is recommended to take him to the vet for a checkup, which will include explanations on how to increase the bird, the bird’s general examination and other tests as needed. In case of any health concern for change has to take the bird to a veterinarian.
As part of veterinary inspection times require additional tests beyond the initial questioning and general test of the parrot. The purpose of these tests is to deny or approve medical problems plaguing the parrot.
Performed tests to diagnose bird can include, among others:
– Different types of blood tests
– X-ray photograph, sometimes in combination with contrast agent
– Microscopic tests
– Stool tests
– Bacteriological tests, Parasitology and Virology
– Ultrasonic testing
Like any animal, sick parrots medical treatments can include general supportive therapy such feedings, medications, oxygen and Ainfozih- times during hospitalization, specific medical treatments such as antibiotics cause of disease and anti-poisoning and surgical treatments such as repairing fractures and abdominal cavity egg extraction.
Prevention is crucial bird health. Prevention starts at appropriate conditions, including feeding, cage and proper environment.
Preventive treatments provided veterinary clinic include various disease testing to check carriers, treatments for parasites as needed, weighing and periodic overhaul.
As of this writing there are no vaccines available in the country routinely parrots.